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last expressed his views in D+C/E+Z in the spring of 2022 as a Manila-based journalist.

All articles of Alan C. Robles


In May, Filipino democracy may heal – or die

Why Marcos Jr. is amazingly unqualified to serve as president of the Philippines

Social media

Hundreds of thousands of online trolls support Duterte

In the Philippines, we see how social media undermine democracy

Social media

Increasingly manipulated forum

Online trolls’ disinformation is undermining Philippine democracy

Authoritarian rule

Fact and fiction

In the Philippines, pro-Duterte activism on social media keeps people agitated and misinformed

Fake news

No lie is too blatant

Fake reports on Filipino Facebook pages

Right-wing authoritarianism

Powerful falsehoods

How Rodrigo Duterte, the president of the Philippines, depends on online trolls


No trust in institutions

The anti-democratic legacy of Spanish and US colonialism in the Philippines

Extrajudicial killings

The deadly impact of lawless “security” forces

Manila correspondent expresses his anger at lawless police action

Law of the sea

Pivoting Philippines

ASEAN leaders have long resisted China’s claims to the South China Sea, but the Philippines’ new president is strangely ambivalent

Extrajudicial killings

National suicide

President Duterte linked to unprecedented extrajudicial killings in the Philippines

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